Unfortunately it happens too often that only when some really serious misfortune befalls us that we take measures to address a concern that should have been dealt with long before. Such was the case, which precipitated the genesis of the Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act in 2008. This act sought to address an issue surrounding the safety of swimming pool drains and drain covers
The issue of safety as it relates to swimming pool/spa suction entrapment, and by extension swimming pool drains and drain covers, did not arise overnight, and investigations were being conducted from as far back as the 1970’s. The tipping point came, it seems, when the granddaughter of former Secretary of State James Baker III, drowned after being trapped under water by the powerful suction from a hot tub drain. This happened in June of 2002 when Baker was seven years old.
While people knew drains and drain covers had implications for the safety of swimmers; in the past their importance was not given the prominence they deserved when swimming pools were installed.
Subsequent to December 19, 2008 however, Federal law now requires that every pool/spa drain manufactured or sold after that date meet certain specific standards. In addition to this every public spa and pool must be retro fitted with drain covers that meet these same standards. Also, every public pool and spa having a single drain other than an unblockable drain must employ one or more Safety Vacuum Release Device
(SVRS) device. There are three main types of SVRS, mechanical devices, electro-mechanical devices, and motors or pumps that utilize built-in software.
How a pool safety drain cover works is by preventing the powerful suction of the pool or spa drain from forming a complete seal, which could trap an individual’s body against the drain. It will also prevent the entangling of hair. Both of these could result in drowning. As one can imagine, had this piece of legislation not come into being we might still be seeing unnecessary swimming pool deaths, the root cause being drains and drain covers.
Thankfully the measures to prevent possible loss of life caused by drains and drain covers do not just stop there. For pools and spas the cover of drains need to be inspected on a regular basis to ensure they are not missing or loose. If they are missing or found to be loose immediate steps should be taken to correct this adhering to the guidelines of the Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act. Another helpful measure is to ensure that a certified pool professional is employed when installing new pool and spa drain covers. It is also a good idea to have children with long hair wear a swim cap in the pool or spa to prevent their hair getting entangled in the drain. And of course it is advised to have children in pools or spas supervised at all times.